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Polymyalgia rheumatica AMBOSS

Polymyalgia rheumatica und Riesenzellarteriitis - AMBOS

  1. Sowohl die Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) als auch die Riesenzellarteriitis (RZA, vor 2012 auch als Morbus Horton, Arteriitis temporalis oder Arteriitis cranialis bezeichnet) führen durch autoimmune Prozesse zu einer jeweils unterschiedlich lokalisierten Gefäßentzündung der mittelgroßen und großen Arterien
  2. Polymyalgia rheumatica. Giant cell arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica often occur simultaneously and share common features (e.g., elevated ESR, constitutional symptoms). Shoulder girdle, pelvic stiffness, and pain are more common rather than ocular or cerebral findings. Other vasculitides. Takayasu arteritis; Polyarteritis nodos
  3. Summary. Fibromyalgia (FM) is a neurosensory disorder characterized by chronic musculocutaneous pain.The etiology and pathogenesis of this condition are not fully understood, but, notably, there is no identifiable inflammation that causes the musculocutaneous symptoms. Patients typically present with functional symptoms (e.g., fatigue, unrefreshing sleep, morning stiffness) and often have a.
  4. MRI (with or without contrast): especially if cervical spine involvement is suspected or in early stages ; Ultrasound. Joint effusion: increased amount of fluid (e.g., pus, blood, inflammatory infiltrate) within the synovial compartment of a joint; Formation of pannus; Further diagnostic measures: contrast-enhanced ultrasound and bone scintigraphy are very sensitive to inflammatory arthritis.
  5. IIM typically manifests with proximal, symmetric weakness in appendicular muscles, which leads to difficulty reaching. , climbing the stairs, and/or standing up. The severity of muscle involvement can vary significantly between forms of IIM. In advanced disease, weakness may also affect oropharyngeal muscles (causing
  6. Polymyalgia rheumatica, an inflammatory disease most commonly seen in older adults, usually causes pain and stiffness in the shoulders and upper back and/or the hip area. Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is an inflammatory disorder that causes widespread aching, stiffness and flu-like symptoms

Giant cell arteritis - Knowledge @ AMBOS

  1. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) belongs to the group of low-grade non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) and is a B-cell lymphoma that presents with lymphocytic leukocytosis. CLL is the most common form of..
  2. What are the symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica? Pain and stiffness in the neck and shoulders are the most common symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica. The pain and stiffness may gradually spread to..
  3. POLYMYALGIA RHEUMATICA Dr. Arshad Rabbani MBBS,MCPS,FCPS 2. is a clinical syndrome characterized by severe aching and stiffness in the neck, shoulder girdle, and pelvic girdle. 3. Pathophysiology    causes severe pain in the proximal muscle groups; however, no evidence of disease is present at muscle biopsy
  4. Polymyalgia rheumatica and Wegener's granulomatosis are more likely to affect whites.13 In contrast, sarcoidosis and systemic lupus erythematosus are more common in blacks
  5. o1 and A. Sulli1 ( Rheumatology 2009 48 (2):93-95) Slow response Dramatic response Response to 15 mg steroid HLA-DRB1 allele HLA-DRB1 allele HLA allele Mildly elevated higher ESR, CRP & IL6. ESR & CRP Main sign Less frequent More myalgia Arthritis of PIP, MCP and.

Fibromyalgia - Knowledge @ AMBOS

Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is diagnosed by identifying core features of the condition, excluding conditions that mimic PMR, and by a positive response to oral corticosteroids. For a person with core symptoms of PMR who is over 50 years of age Rheumatoid arthritis amboss. Polymyalgia rheumatica, an inflammatory disease most commonly seen in older adults, usually causes pain and stiffness in the shoulders and upper back and/or the hip area. Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is an inflammatory disorder that causes widespread aching, stiffness and flu-like symptoms.. Pain and stiffness in the neck, shoulders or hips are common symptoms of a related disorder, polymyalgia rheumatica. About 50 percent of people with giant cell arteritis also have polymyalgia rheumatica. When to see a doctor. If you develop a new, persistent headache or any of the signs and symptoms listed above, see your doctor without delay

Rheumatoid arthritis - Knowledge @ AMBOS

Vasculitis (including polymyalgia rheumatica, polyarteritis nodosa) Ankylosing spondylitis Psoriatic arthritis Reactive arthritis Inflammatory bowel disease arthritis Bacterial Vira Polymyalgia Rheumatica A syndrome of pain and stiffness localized to the shoulders and hips which often occurs in association with Giant Cell Arteritis. Rheumatoid Vasculitis A vasculitis that sometimes complicates the course of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Usually occurs in patients with a history of severe RA

Eselsbrücke(n) zum Thema: Autoimmun – einfach lernen!

Video: Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies - Knowledge @ AMBOS

Polymyalgia rheumatica and temporal arteritis are related entities. Both diseases strongly prefer patients of higher age, indicating that their relevance will increase in an aging society. Among persons older than 50 years, the incidence of polymyalgia rheumatica is higher than that of temporal arteritis, reaching almost 60 cases per 100 000. Elderly-onset rheumatoid arthritis (EORA), defined as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with the onset at the age > or =60 differs sligthy at presentation from younger-onset RA (YORA) by a more equal sex distribution, a higher frequency of an acute onset, more frequent involvement of large joints, especially of the shoulder, and higher disease activity Animated Mnemonics (Picmonic): https://www.picmonic.com/viphookup/medicosis/ - With Picmonic, get your life back by studying less and remembering more. M.. Etiology Unknown; possible contributing factors are: Genetic predisposition (e.g., human leukocyte antigen HLA -DR4 ) Viral infections (e.g., parvovirus B19 ) Association with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) : 40-50% of patients with giant cell arteritis [amboss.com Agent-orange & Malaise & Polymyalgia-rheumatica Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Malignant Neoplasm. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search

Eselsbrücke(n) zum Thema: Granulomatöse Entzündung

amboss Trusted medical answers—in seconds. Get access to 1,000+ medical articles with instant search and clinical tools. Try free for 5 day The exception is polymyalgia rheumatica, which requires low dose steroids for a varying period of time—sometimes years. Full text Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.7M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page

Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Arthritis Foundatio

Large Vessel Vasculitides. A 62-year-old woman presents to her primary care physician due to an unremitting headache. She says she has been having this headache for the last few days and is nonresponsive to ibuprofen. Her headache is left-sided and affects the temporal region of her head The Zero to Finals channel was created specifically to help students of medicine and other health professions to learn difficult concepts and conditions in preparation for their exams. Medicine. Explanations for the 2020 Official Step 3 Practice Questions. Here are my explanations for the November 2020 update of the official practice materials. My explanations for the 2018/2019 set are here. The one before that, which I explained here, was revised in November 2017. The asterisks (*) signify one of the 71 new questions Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a condition that causes pain, stiffness and inflammation in the muscles around the shoulders, neck and hips. The main symptom is muscle stiffness in the morning that lasts longer than 45 minutes. It may also cause other symptoms, including

Polymyalgia rheumatica is a disorder that results in severe pain and stiffness of large muscle groups in the body. Although its exact cause is not known, it may be due to a disruption in the function of the body's immune system. Polymyalgia rheumatica primarily affects adults over the age of 50, and women are affected twice as often as men Additionally, atypical infections such as tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, and malignancy should remain on the differential. The differential for the neuromuscular manifestations include polymyositis, rhabdomyolysis, carpal tunnel syndrome, polymyalgia rheumatica, muscular dystrophy, other causes of myopathy, myasthenia gravis, and motor neuron diseases no added studies - polymyalgia rheumatica 42M has no sx but high GGT and alk phos on blood work. MRCP shows dilatations within both intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ducts Patient presents with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR): myaligias, stiffness, wrist and ankle pain and swelling, fatigue and weight loss. His ESR is 60 and CRP is 9.1. Patient did very well on 20mg/day of prednisone and this was tapered slowly beginning 3 months after control of his symptoms

systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by acute flares, commonly presenting with rash, joint pain, and fever. multiple organ systems are involved, including renal, neurologic, dermatologic, cardiovascular, and hematologic. Epidemiology. demographics. more common in female patients of reproductive age Anemia is a condition marked by a decrease in the number of red blood cell (RBC) mass in the blood. The main function of RBCs, or erythrocytes, is to carry oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues and carbon dioxide as a waste product from the body tissues to the lungs back. This process is facilitated by hemoglobin (Hb). A decrease in the number of RBCs transporting oxygen and carbon dioxide. The main signs and symptoms are problems with muscle coordination (ataxia), but others may include: Impaired movement and coordination, such as unsteady gait and loss of balance. Slurred, slow or low-volume speech (dysarthria) Visual disturbances, such as blurred or double vision and difficulty focusing your eyes

ANCA associated vasculitis (AAV) is an umbrella term for a group of multi-system autoimmune small vessel vasculitides that can present at any age and affect 20-25 people per million per year in Europe. 1 A typical GP practice with 8000 patients can expect to see one new case approximately every five years Giant Cell Arteritis. A 65-year-old woman presents to the emergency department due to a severe headache and visual impairment in the right eye. Her symptoms are associated with pain with chewing and proximal muscle morning stiffness. On physical exam, she has decreased visual acuity of the right eye, scalp tenderness on the right, and an absent. Polymyositis (pol-e-my-o-SY-tis) is an uncommon inflammatory disease that causes muscle weakness affecting both sides of your body. Having this condition can make it difficult to climb stairs, rise from a seated position, lift objects or reach overhead. Polymyositis most commonly affects adults in their 30s, 40s or 50s Pseudogout is an acute form of inflammatory arthritis. Look for warmth, redness, swelling, and pain. Sometimes, the joint and the skin looks infected. Sometimes people get a fever. Usually pseudogout affects one joint at a time. But it can move around and affect more than one joint at a time. It likes the knees and wrists

Link With Polymyalgia Rheumatica. About half of people with giant cell arteritis have polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) as well. PMR is an inflammatory condition that also causes swelling, but in your. Found in children under the age of 18, juvenile myositis (JM) is characterized by muscle weakness in the neck, shoulders, back, and torso. Juvenile dermatomyositis also has a red, patchy skin rash. As is the case for many rare diseases, these types of myositis can be difficult to diagnose, often requiring extensive testing and a muscle and skin.

Polymyalgia rheumatica Polymyalgia rheumatica is a type of vasculitis that's closely related to giant cell arteritis (see above). [nhs.uk] Treatment with high doses of glucocorticoids often increases the peripheral leukocyte count to the range of 10,000 to 20,000/10-20 x 109 /L. [lupusinternational.com By Debra Fulghum Bruce, PhD. Medically Reviewed by Nayana Ambardekar, MD on May 15, 2021. Rheumatic diseases affect your joints tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles. Among them are many types of. Jun 11, 2021 · Summary. Antidiabetic drugs (except insulin) are all pharmacological agents that have been approved for hyperglycemic treatment in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). If lifestyle modifications (weight loss, dietary modification, and exercise) do not sufficiently reduce HbA1c levels (target level: ∼ 7%), pharmacological treatment with antidiabetic drugs should be initiated A diagnosis of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) together with RS3PE syndrome was made and treatment with prednisolone 15 mg/d was started, which resulted in rapid resolution of [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, he had no weight loss, night sweats, or fevers and continued to remain active

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia - Knowledge @ AMBOS

Polymyalgia rheumatica Polymyalgia rheumatica is a type of vasculitis that's closely related to giant cell arteritis (see above). [nhs.uk] Renal biopsy revealed crescentic glomerulonephritis with the linear deposition of immunoglobulin G along the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) and peritubular capillaritis [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov Epperly TD, Moore KE, Harrover JD. Polymyalgia rheumatica and temporal arteritis. Am Fam Physician. 2000;62:789-96. 17. Mourad O, Palda V, Detsky A. A comprehensive evidence-based approach to. Polymyositis is a type of muscle disease called an inflammatory myopathy. It inflames your muscles and their related tissues, like the blood vessels that supply them. It can cause muscle weakness.

Polymyalgia Rheumatica: Symptoms, Tests, and Treatmen

Latest news about Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Guidelines 2019 Symptoms for you to update health information Klumpke paralysis Videos, Flashcards, High Yield Notes, & Practice Questions. Learn and reinforce your understanding of Klumpke paralysis. - Osmosis is an efficient, enjoyable, and social way to learn. Sign up for an account today! Don't study it, Osmose it Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) are a group of medicines that relieve pain and fever and reduce inflammation. There are nearly two dozen different NSAIDs available, but they all work in the same way, and that is by blocking a specific group of enzymes called cyclo-oxygenase enzymes, often abbreviated to COX enzymes Fever of unknown origin (FUO), refers to a condition in which the patient has an elevated temperature but despite investigations by a physician no explanation has been found.. If the cause is found it is usually a diagnosis of exclusion, that is, by eliminating all possibilities until only one explanation remains, and taking this as the correct one Cleidocranial dysplasia Videos, Flashcards, High Yield Notes, & Practice Questions. Learn and reinforce your understanding of Cleidocranial dysplasia. - Osmosis is an efficient, enjoyable, and social way to learn. Sign up for an account today! Don't study it, Osmose it

Primary sclerosing (skluh-ROHS-ing) cholangitis (koh-lan-JIE-tis) is a disease of the bile ducts. Bile ducts carry the digestive liquid bile from your liver to your small intestine. In primary sclerosing cholangitis, inflammation causes scars within the bile ducts. These scars make the ducts hard and narrow and gradually cause serious liver damage Abstract. Mit diesem Lernplan bietet AMBOSS dir ein perfektes Paket für die Vorbereitung auf den dritten Abschnitt der ärztlichen Prüfung (sog. M3-Examen). Unsere ärztliche Redaktion hat nach ausführlicher Analyse die häufigsten Themen aus den mündlichen Prüfungen ermittelt und in Anlehnung an die Kapitelstruktur in AMBOSS einen entsprechenden 20-tägigen Vorbereitungsplan ausgearbeitet Rheumatoide Arthritis. chronische Autoimmunerkrankung, die schubweise verläuft. Labor: Anti-CCP-AK (Antikörper gegen citrullinierte Peptide/Proteine. CCP: cyklische citrullinierte Peptide) Beginn der Erkrankung: Zumeist zwischen dem 35. und 50. Lebensjahr

Polymyalgia rheumatica - SlideShar

Polymyalgia rheumatica (poly-my-al-ger ru-mah-ticker), or PMR, is a relatively common condition that causes stiffness and pain in muscles. The word 'poly' means many and the word 'myalgia' means muscle pain. It can start at any age from 50, but mainly affects peopl Polymyalgia rheumatica Definition Entzündlich-rheumatisches Krankheitsbild älterer Menschen, welches charakterisiert ist durch starke Schmerzen der körpernahen Muskulatur, allgemeines Krankheitsgefühl und promptes, fast komplettes Ansprechen auf die Gabe von Cortisonpräparaten The symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica tend to appear suddenly and without warning. Many sufferers develop severe pain in just a week or two, while others develop symptoms overnight. The hallmark symptoms of the illness are stiff and painful muscles in the upper arms, upper thighs, neck, hips, and shoulders. Additional symptoms include: fatigue

Diagnostic Approach to Polyarticular Joint Pain - American

Polyarthralgia also shares some similarities with polymyalgia. Both conditions cause similar levels of pain. It's also possible to have both conditions at the same time. Polyarthralgia affects. PUO is defined as fever of 38.3°C or greater for at least 3 weeks with no identified cause after three days of hospital evaluation or three outpatient visits.¹Additional categories of PUO have since been added, including nosocomial, neutropenic and HIV-associated PUO. ²,³. The most common causes of PUO include the following: 4

Topics: MCQ QBank for the MCCQE Part 1. The MCQ QBank for the MCCQE Part 1 covers 6 subjects: Medicine. Pediatrics. OBGYN. Psychiatry. Surgery. PMCH. The QBank contains carefully prepared, classic simulated Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) for each of the Topics listed below Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis. Polymyalgia rheumatica (see Chapter 18.10.4) is nearly always associated with a moderate normochromic, normocytic anaemia together with a marked increase in the erythrocyte sedimentation rate. However, particularly in elderly patients, anaemia may be the presenting feature Polymyalgia Rheumatica · ESR, CRP (Normal CK vs. poly/dermatomyositis) Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis · p-ANCA. Primary Biliary Cholangitis The interface and ease of use of Amboss is unlike anything else. It's like comparing an Iphone to a 2000 year old flip phone. You can't compare. Amboss will provide you with the textbook of info, the. Henoch-Schonlein Purpura. A 4-year-old boy presents to the emergency room with abdominal pain. His mother reports that he also had a rash for about a week on his lower extremities as well as joint pain and blood in his urine. Physical exam reveals palpable purpura on his buttocks and bilaterally on his legs and abdominal tenderness Die Polymyalgia rheumatica ist eine entzündliche Erkrankung, welche häufig mit der Arteriitis temporalis vergesellschaftet ist. Typisch sind nächtliche und morgendliche symmetrische Schmerzen der proximalen Extremitätenmuskulatur, sowie Morgensteifigkeit und allgemeines Krankheitsgefühl. Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR): Mehr zu Symptomen, Diagnose, Behandlung, Komplikationen, Ursachen und.

polymyalgia rheumatica - SlideShar

A subarachnoid hemorrhage is bleeding in the space between your brain and the surrounding membrane (subarachnoid space). The primary symptom is a sudden, severe headache. The headache is sometimes associated with nausea, vomiting and a brief loss of consciousness. Bleeding usually results from the rupture of an abnormal bulge in a blood vessel. Erb-Duchenne palsy Videos, Flashcards, High Yield Notes, & Practice Questions. Learn and reinforce your understanding of Erb-Duchenne palsy. - Osmosis is an efficient, enjoyable, and social way to learn. Sign up for an account today! Don't study it, Osmose it Said simply, this is part of what the body uses to determine whether cells are foreign or not. It is the name of a polymorphic gene cluster region that codes for the MHC (major histocompatibility complex) surface proteins on the cells of the body. It lies on chromsome 6. Two siblings have a 1/4 chance of having the same HLA genes Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), also called myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) and ME/CFS, is a complex, fatiguing, long-term medical condition diagnosed by required primary symptoms and criteria, and often involves a broad range of symptoms.Distinguishing core symptoms are lengthy exacerbations or flares of the illness after ordinary minor physical or mental activity, known as post-exertional. Paget's disease of bone is a chronic condition that causes abnormal enlargement and weakening of bone. Any part of the skeleton can be affected, but the most common sites include the skull, spine, pelvis, thigh bone, shin and the upper arm. Paget's disease tends to affect people over the age of 50. It affects slightly more men than women

Die Polymyalgia rheumatica ist eine entzündlich-rheumatische Erkrankung, die vor allem ältere Frauen trifft. Gängige Symptome sind Schmerzen im Schulter- und/oder Hüftbereich sowie allgemeine Beschwerden wie Abgeschlagenheit und Fieber. Eine frühzeitige Behandlung mit Kortison kann vielen Betroffenen helfen INTRODUCTION. Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP) is an idiopathic disorder characterized by an abnormal and marked accumulation of eosinophils in the interstitium and alveolar spaces of the lung [].The clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia will be reviewed here What are inclusion body myopathies? Inclusion body myopathies are a group of muscle diseases characterized by the presence of abnormal protein inclusions wit.. Achondroplasia. A 10-year-old boy is brought to the pediatric endocrinologist due to short stature. The mother reports that her son is not as tall as his classmates, and this is causing him stress. On physical exam, there is macrocephaly with frontal bossing, shortening of the arms and legs, and lumbar lordosis It is the name of a polymorphic gene cluster region that codes for the MHC (major histocompatibility complex) surface proteins on the cells of the body. It lies on chromsome 6. Two siblings have a 1/4 chance of having the same HLA genes. MHC class I (A, B, and C) found on most nucleated cells and interact with T-cells CD8+

Polymyalgia Rheumatica: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Fibromyalgia is currently understood to be a disorder of central pain processing or a syndrome of central sensitivity. Clauw describes the syndrome as a diffuse problem of sensory volume control such that patients have a lower threshold of pain and of other stimuli, such as heat, noise, and strong odors The most common presenting clinical features were temporal headache (74%), visual disturbance (68.4%), jaw claudication (59.3%) and symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica (56%) Anemia blood loss 1. Anemia Clinical Pharmacy Submitted to: Ma'am Sobia Jawed Group: 09 2. Definition of Anemia Deficiency in the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood due to a diminished erythrocyte mass. Anemia is classified as: Regenerative: In a regenerative anemia, the bone marrow responds appropriately to the decreased red cell mass by increasing RBC production and releasing. Mannheim - Es kann so einiges schief laufen bei der Kortisontherapie der rheumatoiden Arthritis (RA).Denn zum einen gilt es, die Zurückhaltung bei der Behandlung nicht zu weit zu treiben. Als beeindruckendes Beispiel einer unzureichenden Behandlung demonstrierte Prof. Dr. Frank Buttgereit, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, bei seinem Vortrag während des Rheumatologenkongresses in.

Temporal Arteritis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

polymyalgia rheumatica. In pts > 50. Tx is low dose PREDNISONE. Tx for stabilizing bony metastatic lesions to prevent hyperCa2+ of malignancy. bisphosphonates. Causes of hypertension and hypokalemia. PICTURE RENIN --> ALDO --> INC NA, DEC K, INC BP, INC H2 Overview. Behcet's (beh-CHETS) disease, also called Behcet's syndrome, is a rare disorder that causes blood vessel inflammation throughout your body. The disease can lead to numerous signs and symptoms that can seem unrelated at first. They can include mouth sores, eye inflammation, skin rashes and lesions, and genital sores

Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Temporal Arteriti

3 Mechanism of Action. Being a folic acid antagonist, Methotrexate competitvely and reversibly inhibits the dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) enzyme. MTX has close structural similarity to folic acid, the difference being a 4-NH2 group instead of a 4-OH group. After making contact with the dihydrofolate reductase enzyme, MTX acts as a false. Steroids can be used to treat a wide range of conditions, including: asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) hay fever. hives and eczema. painful joints or muscles - such as arthritis , tennis elbow and frozen shoulder. pain caused by an irritated or trapped nerve - such as sciatica Both rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) are conditions that damage your joints, causing swelling, stiffness, and pain. Both are autoimmune diseases, which means your immune.

11 Evans J M, Hunder G G. Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2000; 26 493-515 12 Ferraccioli G F, Di Poi E, Damato R. Steroid sparing therapeutic approaches to polymyalgia rheumatica - giant cell arteritis A 50 year old male presents with abdominal pain. He states this this pain has been present for 2 days, and is located in the midepigastric region. He says that it is a tearing pain radiating to the back. He feels sweaty at times, and has some RUQ as well. He has a history of cirrhosis in his family, and does drink 10 beers a night Are you ready to get Step 3 out of the way so you can focus on learning your specialty? Nobody knows Step 3 better than best-selling Master the Boards author Dr. Conrad Fischer. Freshly re-filmed and expanded, MedQuest's USMLE Step 3 High-Yield Video Series ensures that you make the most of your study and pass the first time. This video course is designed to accompany Master the Boards. Otitis Externa Paeds. Page Content. Introduction. Otitis externa is an infection of the ear canal. The underlying cause often is inflammation which leads to superinfection. Occasionally use of antibiotic drops can lead to fungal overgrowth. Pain on pulling the pinna backwards for inspection or on touching the tragus makes otitis externa more.